Indian Space Station
Raman Research Institute, Bangalore
- Published on 13 March 2010
The Raman Research Institute was founded in 1948 by the Indian physicist and Nobel laureate, Sir CV Raman, to continue his studies and basic research after he retired from the Indian Institute of Science. The Raman Research Institute is now an autonomous research institute engaged in research in basic sciences. Today, the main areas of research at the Institute are Astronomy & Astrophysics, Light & Matter Physics, Soft Condensed Matter and Theoretical Physics. The research activities include work in Chemistry, Liquid Crystals, Physics in Biology, and Signal Processing, Imaging & Instrumentation.
Area of Research
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Members of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Group are currently engaged in research into the understanding of events in the evolving universe and a variety of phenomena associated with cosmic bodies: the evolution in the gas during the epoch of re-ionization, the nature and composition of the gaseous medium in galaxies at high redshifts, in clusters of galaxies at high redshift, in galaxy groups, in galaxies – normal, active and low-surface-brightness galaxies – in the present era. The phenomenological studies target the enigmatic and amazingly energetic gamma ray bursts, giant pulses from pulsars, recurrent active galaxies, X-ray binaries, hydroxyl and methanol maser sites and sources, and photon-dominated regions of the interstellar medium. Theoretical advances include understanding of specialised issues like strong MHD turbulence, the interaction between galaxies and their environments, the role of the Pancharatnam phase in certain optics arrangements, and unsolved problems associated with neutron stars, magnetars, and strange stars.
The telescopes and receivers developed and built in the Electronics Laboratory provide vital observational clues for this research. However, the Institute’s facilities cover only a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. A holistic investigation of space phenomena often requires observing capabilities not available in India, therefore, the astronomers of the Institute propose and successfully win the use of valuable observing time on facilities across the world.
Light and Matter Physics
The Light And Matter Physics (LAMP) Group at RRI is engaged in an area of light-matter interaction which is a combination of Atomic, Molecular and Optical (AMO) physics on one hand, and intense laser field studies of plasmas on the other.
The AMO activities involve studying, manipulating and understanding cold atomic, molecular, and ionic matter. Ultra-cold dilute samples of such forms of matter provide an excellent testing ground for studies into the fundamental quantum nature of matter. Of special interest is the building of Quantum Logical Gates by tailoring their internal degrees of freedom in external potentials.
The Group is also involved in the related field of Quantum Optics studying the quantum coherent nature of light-matter interaction involving low light levels and dilute samples of cold atoms.
Soft and Condensed Matter
The Soft Condensed Matter Group at the Raman Research Institute has primarily focused on research in the field of thermotropic liquid crystals, covering a broad spectrum of activities ranging from the synthesis of new liquid crystalline materials to display electronics. Discoveries of the columnar phase formed by disc-like molecules, and pressure-induced mesomorph-ism are two of the early significant contributions made by the Group.
In recent years, however, the research activities of the Group have diversified into other areas of Soft Condensed Matter, such as colloids, polymers, and amphiphilic systems, and to related areas of surface science and biological physics.
Research by the Theoretical Physics Group at the Raman Research Institute is primarily in four areas: statistical physics, soft matter physics, including physics in biology, gravitation and the foundations of quantum mechanics.
Research scholars undergo intensive course work during the first year. The medium of instruction is English. On successful completion of the course work they will be registered for a Ph.D degree with the jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Students are paid a scholarship of Rs. 12,000 per month for the first two years and Rs. 14,000 thereafter, subject to satisfactory progress. In addition, they are paid a book grant of Rs. 5,000 per annum for four years. RRI is also a participant in the joint astronomy programme (JAP) with the IISc, Bangalore and the physics in biology programme with the national center for biological sciences. Bangalore.
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Applications for Post-Doctoral Fellowships are always welcome and there are no closing dates. Our offers are usually made in mid-February and mid-August. The processing time for a post-doctoral application is between four to six months. The candidate may be invited to visit the Institute and give a seminar and interact with the research faculty at the Institute, as part of the selection process.
These appointments are initially for two years, and are usually extended to a third year, following review. Selected candidates will be paid a Fellowship depending on their experience. They will also be provided accommodation and partial assistance with relocation.
Post-doctoral Fellows are expected to be able to work independently at the Raman research Institute and have the academic freedom of choice in research area and collaboration: it is not mandatory that they work in any specific research program or attached to specific research staff of the Institute. Nevertheless, it is desirable that applicants have professional research interest and proven track record in areas with significant overlap or association with the ongoing and envisaged activities at the Institute so that scientific interactions and collaborations take place.
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A limited number of Pancharatnam Fellowships are available at the Raman Research Institute for young researchers with a demonstrated ability to conduct original and independent work. This fellowship is for three years and is usually offered to applicants who have completed at least one postdoctoral period after their doctorate.
Applications for Resident Research Fellowships are always welcome and there are no closing dates. Our offers are normally made in mid-February and mid-August. The processing time for applications is between four to six months. The candidate may be invited to visit the Institute and give a seminar and interact with researchers at the Institute, as part of the selection process.
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Summer Student Programme
Applications are invited from MSc, BTech and final year BSc students for the Summer Student Programme at the Raman Research Institute.
Students selected for this programme will be attached to a research staff member of the Institute and will work on a specific science project, which will give the students an exposure to research and perhaps lead to their making genuine contributions to scientific knowledge. There will also be some lectures on special topics related to ongoing research at the institute.
The Summer Student Programme will run from May 1 to July 15, and will include up to 20 outstation candidates. Outstation students will be paid sleeper-class return fare and provided accommodation. All students will receive a stipend during their stay here.
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During the period of the visit, the student will work closely with at least one staff member of the Institute on a suitable project, or on a part of a project, as appropriate. The student's work and the interaction with the staff and the graduate students at the Institute are expected to provide her/him a flavour of the research pursuits at the Institute, in general, and a first-hand experience in research, in particular.
Students within 1 or 2 years of the end of their BSc, BE and MSc; particularly those students with the intention of pursuing research as a career are encouraged to apply. Students from Bangalore colleges, who are keen to utilize their week-ends and vacation periods for acquiring research experience at RRI, will also be considered.
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